The organs, structures, and functions of the female reproductive system give women the ability to produce a baby. They do this by producing eggs, in monthly cycles known as the menstrual cycle, to be fertilised by sperm from a man. Other structures such as the breasts give the mother the ability to feed and nourish a baby after birth. The organs of the female reproductive system are found both inside and outside of the female body. The organs inside the body are in the pelvis, which is the lowest part of the body cavity above the legs. The internal female reproductive organs include:. The outside external structures of the female reproductive system are grouped together in an area called the vulva. They are located just outside the opening of the vagina. This includes structures such as the labia, the clitoris and a number of glands.
Review Date 1/1/2021
The internal genital organs form a pathway the genital tract. This pathway consists of the following:. The hymen, a mucous membrane, is located at the beginning of the genital tract, just inside the opening of the vagina see figure External Female Genital Organs External Female Genital Organs For gynecologic care, a woman should choose a health care practitioner with whom she can comfortably discuss sensitive topics, such as sex, birth control, pregnancy, and problems related to In virgins, the hymen usually encircles the opening like a tight ring, but it may completely cover the opening.
What are the main parts of the female reproductive system?
Reproduction is the process by which organisms make more organisms like themselves. But even though the reproductive system is essential to keeping a species alive, unlike other body systems, it's not essential to keeping an individual alive. In the human reproductive process, two kinds of sex cells, or gametes GAH-meetz , are involved. The male gamete, or sperm, and the female gamete, the egg or ovum, meet in the female's reproductive system. When sperm fertilizes meets an egg, this fertilized egg is called a zygote ZYE-goat. The zygote goes through a process of becoming an embryo and developing into a fetus. The male reproductive system and the female reproductive system both are needed for reproduction.
This condition causes the vagina and uterus to be underdeveloped or absent, although external genitalia are normal. Affected women usually do not have menstrual periods due to the absent uterus. Often, the first noticeable sign of MRKH syndrome is that menstruation does not begin by age 16 primary amenorrhea. They also have normal breast and pubic hair development. Although women with this condition are usually unable to carry a pregnancy, they may be able to have children through assisted reproduction. When only reproductive organs are affected, the condition is classified as MRKH syndrome type 1. In this form of the condition, the kidneys may be abnormally formed or positioned, or one kidney may fail to develop unilateral renal agenesis. Affected individuals commonly develop skeletal abnormalities, particularly of the spinal bones vertebrae. Females with MRKH syndrome type 2 may also have hearing loss or heart defects. The cause of MRKH syndrome is unknown.